Indo Board Gigante Exercises
From: WSSM Magazine - Summer / Fall 2012





Functional balance training using the IndoFLO Gigante’ cushion and Indo Pro deck

Rehabilitative and Injury Prevention Benefits of Balance Training

Proper use of Indo Board products as a rehabilitative tool, under the direct supervision of a trained professional, will pose a preventive basis against injury by strengthening the stabilization structures in the body while also conditioning the body to strengthen the proprioceptive signals. Evidence of this was directly seen in the most recent study by Gretchen D. Oliver and Ro Di Brezzo of the University of Arkansas in which the Indo Board was used exclusively in a study examining the effects of functional balance training on athletes that were on the NCAA Division I collegiate women’s volleyball team.

The study concluded that the Indo Board intervention season did show minimal injuries. Significant injury was defined as time loss in competition. The previous 2 years (nonintervention seasons) reported significant injuries of 3 meniscal tears, patella tendon arthroscopy, an ankle sprain, and a foot sprain. Other non-significant injuries that were reported in the previous (nonintervention) seasons were shoulder impingements and an abdominal strain. The non-significant injuries were of interest to the investigators because of the strong implication core strength has on injuries. During the current season of the Indo Board® intervention there was a marked decrease in injury. Thus, one could allude to the fact that core strength was improving based on the Indo Board® intervention.

Instability resistance training with its high muscle activation and lower external stress on joints can also be beneficial for general musculoskeletal health and certain types of rehabilitation. Clinical scientific studies have shown that balance training, which can be described as instability activities without an emphasis on increasing strength or endurance, decreases the incidence of athletic injuries. The role of balance training in maintaining functional joint stability is an excellent form of rehabilitation for injuries. When you injure a structure such as the ankle, knee back or shoulder, whether that injury is in a muscle, ligament or joint capsule, the proprioceptive signal is weakened. This weakened signal inhibits the normal motor response and diminishes the neuromuscular stabilization of the joint and thus potentially contributes to a pattern of repetitive injury.

Studies have shown that instability balance training is effective for gains in muscular strength and contrary to strength training; equalization of muscular imbalances may be achieved.5 Furthermore, there is a general consensus in the scientific community that balance training can improve postural stability and the ability to maintain an upright posture under dynamic conditions in subjects with lower extremity injuries such as knee injuries or ankle instability.

injury prevention programs incorporating balance training and neuromuscular training have proven to significantly reduce the incidence of knee and ankle injuries in athletes.